# Turbines, Compressors and Fans, Fourth Edition

by: S.M. Yahya, Ph.D.

**Abstract:**This book is a comprehensive resource on the theoretical principles, design and performance parameters, modes of operation and major functional areas of turbomachinery. Here are a few things that are new to this edition: - Set-up of turbomachinery laboratory - List of materials used in turbomachinery - Presentation of specifications of additional types of large wind turbines - Addition of recent publications to bibliography The book would prove immensely useful for practising engineers in the areas of power generation, aerospace, IC engines as well as industrial fans, blowers and compressors. Researchers as well as advanced level mechanical and aerospace engineering students, specialising in turbomachines, fluid machinery, steam and gas turbines, and aircraft propulsion, would find the book equally helpful.

Full details

## Table of Contents

**A.**Foreword**B.**Preface to the Fourth Edition**C.**Preface to the First Edition**D.**Acknowledgements**1.**Introduction**2.**Thermodynamics**3.**Gas Turbine Plants**4.**Steam Turbine Plants**5.**Combined Cycle Plants**6.**Fluid Dynamics**7.**Dimensional Analysis and Performance Parameters**8.**Flow Through Cascades**9.**Axial Turbine Stages**10.**High Temperature (Cooled) Turbine Stages**11.**Axial Compressor Stages**12.**Centrifugal Compressor Stage**13.**Radial Turbine Stages**14.**Axial Fans and Propellers**15.**Centrifugal Fans and Blowers**16.**Wind Turbines**17.**Solar Turbine Plants**18.**Miscellaneous Solved Problems in Turbomachines**A.**Specifications of Some Aircraft Engines**B.**Specifications of Some Turbine Blade Sections**C.**Specifications of Some Compressor Blade Sections**D.**Specifications of Some Wind Turbines**E.**Principal SI Units and Their Conversion**F.**Dimensionless Numbers for Incompressible Flow Machines**G.**Efficiencies and Heat Rates of Thermal Power Plants**H.**Specifications of a Combined Cycle Power Plant**I.**Technical Data for the BHEL 500 MW Steam Turbine**J.**Formulas for Hydraulic Turbines and Pumps**K.**Specific Speeds of Various Turbomachines**L.**Estimated Values of Power (kW) Required to Drive Hydraulic Pumps**M.**Estimated Values of Power (kW) Required to Drive Fans and Blowers**N.**Estimated Power Output (in MW) of Hydroturbines**O.**Materials for Turbomachines**P.**Turbomachinery Laboratory**Q.**Select Bibliography**R.**Supplementary Bibliography

## Tools & Media

## Expanded Table of Contents

**A.**Foreword**B.**Preface to the Fourth Edition**C.**Preface to the First Edition**D.**Acknowledgements**1.**Introduction- Turbomachines
- Turbines
- Pumps and Compressors
- Fans and Blowers
- Compressible Flow Machines
- Incompressible Flow Machines
- Turbine, Compressor and Fan Stages
- Extended Turbomachines
- Axial Stages
- Radial Stages
- Mixed Flow Stages
- Impulse Stages
- Reaction Stages
- Variable Reaction Stages
- Multi-stage Machines
- Stage Velocity Triangles
- Design Conditions
- Off-design Conditions
- Applications
- Notation for Chapter 1
- Questions

**2.**Thermodynamics**3.**Gas Turbine Plants- Open and Closed Circuit Plants
- Gas Turbine Power Cycles
- Improvements in the Constant Pressure Cycle
- Aircraft Gas Turbine Plants
- Gas Turbines for Surface Vehicles
- Gas Turbines for Electric Power Generation
- Gas Turbines in Petro-chemical Industries
- Gas Turbines in Cryogenics
- Miscellaneous Applications of Gas Turbines
- Notation for Chapter 3
- Solved Examples
- Questions and Problems

**4.**Steam Turbine Plants**5.**Combined Cycle Plants**6.**Fluid Dynamics- Basic Definitions
- Equations of Motion—Cartesian Coordinate System
- Equations of Motion—Cylindrical Coordinate System
- Equations of Motion—Natural Coordinate System
- Further Notes on Energy Equation
- Isentropic Flow through Blade Passages
- High-speed Flows
- Aerofoil Blades
- Energy Transfer in Turbomachines
- Notation for Chapter 6
- Solved Examples
- Questions and Problems

**7.**Dimensional Analysis and Performance Parameters**8.**Flow Through Cascades**9.**Axial Turbine Stages- Stage Velocity Triangles
- Single Impulse Stage
- Multi-stage Velocity-compounded Impulse
- Multi-stage Pressure-compounded Impulse
- Reaction Stages
- Blade-to-gas Speed Ratio
- Losses and Efficiencies
- Performance Charts
- Low Hub-tip Ratio Stages
- Partial Admission Turbine Stages
- Supersonic Flow
- Notation for Chapter 9
- Solved Examples
- Questions and Problems

**10.**High Temperature (Cooled) Turbine Stages**11.**Axial Compressor Stages**12.**Centrifugal Compressor Stage**13.**Radial Turbine Stages**14.**Axial Fans and Propellers**15.**Centrifugal Fans and Blowers**16.**Wind Turbines**17.**Solar Turbine Plants**18.**Miscellaneous Solved Problems in Turbomachines- Gas Turbine Nozzle
- Steam Turbine Nozzle
- Irreversible Flow in Nozzles
- Diffuser
- Draft Tube
- Gas Turbine
- Reheat Factor (RHF)
- Air Compressor
- Gas Turbine Plant
- Combined Gas and Steam Power Plant
- Combined Gas and Steam Power Plant
- Turbo Prop Gas Turbine Engine
- Turbojet Gas Turbine Engine
- Ideal Single Stage Impulse Turbine
- Impluse Steam Turbine
- Large Centrifugal Pump
- Three Stage Steam Turbine
- Ljungstrom Turbine
- Blower Type Wind Tunnel
- Axial Turbine Cascade
- Low Reaction Turbine Stage
- Isentropic or Stage Terminal Velocity for Turbines
- Axial Compressor Stage Efficiency
- Axial Compressor Cascade
- Two-stage Axial Compressor
- Axial Compressor Cascade
- Isentropic Flow-Centrifugal Air Compressor
- Static Pressure Ratio in a Centrifugal Air Compressor
- Centrifugal Compressor with Vaned Diffuser
- Inward Flow Radial Gas Turbine
- Cantilever Type IFR Turbine
- Relation of Blade to Gas Speed Ratio, Degree of Reaction, Nozzle Angle and Efficiency with Stage Efficiency
- Vertical Axis Cross-flow Wind Turbine
- Counter Rotating Fan
- Sirocco Radial Fan
- Dimensionless Parameters for Incompressible Flow Machines
- Dimensionless Specific Speeds
- Kaplan Turbine
- Pelton Wheel
- Francis Turbine
- Pelton Wheel
- Tidal Power Plant
- Francis Turbine
- Pelton Wheel
- Kaplan Turbine
- Fourneyron Turbine
- Cross-flow Radial Hydro Turbine
- Draft Tube
- Centrifugal Pump
- Centrifugal Pump
- Axial Pump
- Net Positive Suction Head (NPSH) for a Pump
- NPSH and Thoma's Cavitation Coefficient for Turbines
- Maximum Height of Hydro Turbines Above Tail Race
- Propeller Thrust and Power
- Notation for Chapter 18

**A.**Specifications of Some Aircraft Engines**B.**Specifications of Some Turbine Blade Sections**C.**Specifications of Some Compressor Blade Sections**D.**Specifications of Some Wind Turbines**E.**Principal SI Units and Their Conversion**F.**Dimensionless Numbers for Incompressible Flow Machines**G.**Efficiencies and Heat Rates of Thermal Power Plants**H.**Specifications of a Combined Cycle Power Plant**I.**Technical Data for the BHEL 500 MW Steam Turbine**J.**Formulas for Hydraulic Turbines and Pumps**K.**Specific Speeds of Various Turbomachines**L.**Estimated Values of Power (kW) Required to Drive Hydraulic Pumps**M.**Estimated Values of Power (kW) Required to Drive Fans and Blowers**N.**Estimated Power Output (in MW) of Hydroturbines**O.**Materials for Turbomachines**P.**Turbomachinery Laboratory**Q.**Select Bibliography- Turbomachinery (Books)
- Thermodynamics (Books)
- Gas Turbine Plants
- Steam Turbine Plants
- Fluid Mechanics (Books)
- Gas Dynamics (Books)
- Aerodynamics (Books)
- Nozzles
- Diffusers
- Wind Tunnels and Cascades
- Axial Turbines
- Partial Admission Turbines
- High Temperature Turbines
- Axial Compressors
- Centrifugal Compressors
- Radial Turbines
- Axial Fans and Propellers
- Centrifugal Fans and Blowers
- Volute Casings
- Wind Energy
- Wind Turbines
- Instrumentation and Measurement in Turbomachinery
- Theoretical Analysis of Flows in Turbomachinery
- Miscellaneous Topics
- Abbreviations

**R.**Supplementary Bibliography

**Book Details**

**Title: **Turbines, Compressors and Fans, Fourth Edition

**Publisher: **McGraw-Hill Education: New York, Chicago, San Francisco, Athens, London, Madrid, Mexico City, Milan, New Delhi, Singapore, Sydney, Toronto

**Copyright / Pub. Date: **2011, 2005, 2002, 1983 McGraw Hill Education (India) Private Limited

**ISBN: **9780070707023

**Authors:****S.M. Yahya, Ph.D.**
(University of Liverpool, U.K.) is former Professor and Head of Mechanical Engineering Department at IIT Delhi. He has also been a Visiting Fellow at Imperial College, London, as well as University of Cambridge, UK Prof Yahya has extensive teaching and research experience in turbomachinery and power generation technology, and has supervised several PhD and MTech dissertations. A former Pro Vice-Chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University, Prof Yahya has published numerous papers in national as well as international journals and authored four other books related to turbomachinery and fluid dynamics.

**Description: **
This book is a comprehensive resource on the theoretical principles, design and performance parameters, modes of operation and major functional areas of turbomachinery.
Here are a few things that are new to this edition:
- Set-up of turbomachinery laboratory
- List of materials used in turbomachinery
- Presentation of specifications of additional types of large wind turbines
- Addition of recent publications to bibliography
The book would prove immensely useful for practising engineers in the areas of power generation, aerospace, IC engines as well as industrial fans, blowers and compressors. Researchers as well as advanced level mechanical and aerospace engineering students, specialising in turbomachines, fluid machinery, steam and gas turbines, and aircraft propulsion, would find the book equally helpful.