OUT-OF-PLANE LOADS ON WALLS


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OUT-OF-PLANE LOADS ON WALLS
OUT-OF-PLANE LOADS ON WALLS
Introduction In addition to the gravity loads, walls are always subjected to out-of-plane (or lateral) loads. These lateral loads may be due to wind or earthquake, or earth pressure in the case of retaining walls and basement walls. As a result, walls are always subjected to combined loading condition, although it is common in some cases to ignore the influence of gravity loads, for example, in design of retaining walls. Out-of-plane lateral loads are loads that act perpendicular to the plane of the wall and are discussed in this chapter. Lateral loads may also act in the plane of a wall…
Citation
Narendra Taly, Ph.D., P.E., F.ASCE: Design of Reinforced Masonry Structures, Second Edition. OUT-OF-PLANE LOADS ON WALLS, Chapter (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2010), AccessEngineering Export