Organohalides


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Organohalides
1011303OrganohalidesMan-made organohalides have found uses as solvents, refrigerants, insecticides, polymers, and medicines. Organohalides refer to organic compounds containing a halogen atom: fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine. The organo function may be alkyl, alkenyl (vinyl), or aryl (aromatic). Vinyl polymers and Teflon® coatings are well-known products. In spite of all the useful applications, some fluoroalkanes (Freons®) were determined to be detrimental to earth's upper ozone layer and are banned from use in most parts of the world. Some chlorinated solvents, such as carbon tetrachloride, are potential carcinogens. Many tons of chlorinated molecules are produced annually from natural sources. Orga…
Citation
Daniel R. Bloch: Organic Chemistry, Second edition. Organohalides, Chapter (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2012), AccessEngineering Export