Reactions of Benzene and Other Aromatic Compounds


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Reactions of Benzene and Other Aromatic Compounds
1011303Reactions of Benzene and Other Aromatic CompoundsBenzene and other aromatic compounds are conjugated cyclic polyenes. Their chemical reactivity and physical properties differ significantly from linear conjugated and nonconjugated mono- and polyenes. Ethylene and conjugated 1,3-butadiene react readily with bromine or chlorine at room temperature to yield halogen addition products. Benzene reacts with bromine or chlorine, in the presence of a catalyst, to yield a substitution product. A key point: benzene undergoes substitution reactions, rather than addition reactions, with many reagents. Substitution reactions include: halogenation, sulfonation, nitration, alkylation, and acylation. T…
Citation
Daniel R. Bloch: Organic Chemistry, Second edition. Reactions of Benzene and Other Aromatic Compounds, Chapter (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2012), AccessEngineering Export