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Gabor's (In-Line) Holography In 1948, Dennis Gabor introduced "A new microscopic principle",1 which he termed holography (from Greek holos, meaning "whole" or "entire," and grafe, "writing"). The name was chosen to indicate that the method records the entire field information (i.e., amplitude and phase) not just the usual intensity. Initially Gabor proposed this technique to "read" optically electron micrographs that suffered from severe spherical aberrations.
Gabriel Popescu: Quantitative Phase Imaging of Cells and Tissues. Holography, Chapter (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2011), AccessEngineering Export