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CoordinatesThe manipulator arm geometry refers to the movement of the robotic arm. There are four systems of classification for robot axis movement: articulate, Cartesian, cylindrical, and polar. Each of these coordinate systems describes the arm movement through space. Various axis movements are the result of design characteristics.
Cartesian Coordinates The simplest and most easily understood system is the Cartesian coordinate system. Cartesian coordinates are used to describe the X, Y, and Z
Mark R. Miller; Rex Miller: Robots and Robotics: Principles, Systems, and Industrial Applications. Coordinates, Chapter (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2017), AccessEngineering Export