# Thermal Science: Essentials of Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics, and Heat Transfer

by: Erian A. Baskharone, Ph.D.,

**Abstract:**A concise, illustrated core thermal science text with a focus on industrial applications. Essential for engineering students and those preparing for the FE/EIT exam, Thermal Science offers a one-semester course treatment of the three main topics in thermal science: thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer. In addition to theory, the book uses a numerical approach to heat transfer, solving large-scale, real-world engineering problems. This book first covers thermodynamics, how energy is transformed and the interactions between temperature, pressure, and volume, and applications such as the efficiency of engines and refrigerators. Fluid mechanics is the second core topic and examines fluids, forces, and fluid motion; with applications in aerospace, chemical, civil, environmental, and mechanical engineering. Heat transfer is discussed next, the applications of which include heat exchangers, heating, ventilating, air-conditioning (HVAC), car radiators, hot water heaters, steam boilers, cooling of microelectronics, and even ordinary cooking utensils.

Full details

## Table of Contents

**A.**About the Author**B.**Preface**A.**Part I: Thermodynamics**1.**Definitions**2.**Properties of Pure Substances**3.**Properties of Ideal Gases**4.**Basic Laws of Thermodynamics**5.**Energy Conversion by Cycles**6.**Power-Absorbing Cycles: Refrigerators and Heat Pumps**7.**Gas Power Cycles**B.**Part II: Fluid Mechanics A Control Volume Approach**8.**Flow-Governing Equations**9.**External and Internal Flow Structures**10.**Rotating Machinery Fluid Mechanics**11.**Variable-Geometry Turbomachinery Stages**12.**Normal Shocks**13.**Oblique Shocks**14.**Prandtl-Meyer Flow**15.**Internal Flows: Friction, Pressure Drop, and Heat Transfer**16.**Fanno Flow Process for a Viscous Flow Field**17.**Rayleigh Flow**C.**Part III: Heat Transfer**18.**Heat Conduction**19.**Heat Convection**20.**Heat Exchangers**21.**Heat Radiation**D.**References**E.**Appendix: Tables and Charts

## Tools & Media

## Expanded Table of Contents

**A.**About the Author**B.**Preface**A.**Part I: Thermodynamics**1.**Definitions**2.**Properties of Pure Substances**3.**Properties of Ideal Gases**4.**Basic Laws of Thermodynamics- First Law of Thermodynamics
- Second Law of Thermodynamics
- Irreversibility
- Efficiency of Work-Producing Heat Engines
- Efficiencies of Reversible and Irreversible Heat Engines
- Second Law in Terms of Reversible Cycles
- Irreversible and Reversible Processes
- Clausius Inequality: A Statement of the Second Law of Thermodynamics
- The T-ds Equations
- Entropy Change for Ideal Gases
- The T-s Diagram
- Isentropic Processes
- Entropy Change for a Pure Substance
- The Increase-in-Entropy Principle
- Entropy Change for Compressed Liquids
- Carnot Cycle
- PROBLEMS

**5.**Energy Conversion by Cycles**6.**Power-Absorbing Cycles: Refrigerators and Heat Pumps**7.**Gas Power Cycles**B.**Part II: Fluid Mechanics A Control Volume Approach**8.**Flow-Governing Equations**9.**External and Internal Flow Structures- Basic External Flow Structure
- External Flows: Boundary Layer Buildup
- Potential Flow Fields
- Introduction of the Velocity Potential and Stream Function
- Compressibility of a Working Medium: The Definition of Sonic Speed
- Compressibility of the Flow Field: Definition of the Mach Number
- Introduction of the Critical Mach Number
- Isentropic Flow Through Varying-Area Passages
- PROBLEMS

**10.**Rotating Machinery Fluid Mechanics- Classification of Turbomachinery Components
- Velocity Diagrams
- Sign Convention
- Compressor- and Turbine-Rotor Directions of Rotation
- Axial Momentum Equation
- Radial Momentum Equation
- Cross-Flow Area Variation
- Total Pressure Variation Across Multistage Turbomachines
- Variable-Geometry Stators
- Design-Related Variables
- Euler’s Equation
- Introduction of the Total Relative Properties
- Incidence and Deviation Angles
- Means of Assessing Turbomachinery Performance
- Supersonic Stator Cascades
- Sign Convention Governing Radial Turbomachines
- PROBLEMS

**11.**Variable-Geometry Turbomachinery Stages**12.**Normal Shocks**13.**Oblique Shocks**14.**Prandtl-Meyer Flow**15.**Internal Flows: Friction, Pressure Drop, and Heat Transfer**16.**Fanno Flow Process for a Viscous Flow Field**17.**Rayleigh Flow**C.**Part III: Heat Transfer**18.**Heat Conduction**19.**Heat Convection**20.**Heat Exchangers**21.**Heat Radiation**D.**References**E.**Appendix: Tables and Charts

**Book Details**

**Title: **Thermal Science: Essentials of Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics, and Heat Transfer

**Publisher: **McGraw-Hill: New York, Chicago, San Francisco, Lisbon, London, Madrid, Mexico City, Milan, New Delhi, San Juan, Seoul, Singapore, Sydney, Toronto

**Copyright / Pub. Date: **2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

**ISBN: **9780071772341

**Authors:****Erian A. Baskharone, Ph.D.,**
is a Professor Emeritus of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Texas A&M University, and a member of the Rotordynamics/Turbomachinery Laboratory Faculty. He is a member of the ASME Turbomachinery Executive Committee. After receiving his Ph.D. degree from the University of Cincinnati, Dr. Baskharone became a Senior Engineer with Allied-Signal Corporation (currently Honeywell Aerospace Corporation), responsible for the aerodynamic design of various turbofan and turboprop engines. His research covered a wide spectrum of turbomachinery topics including unsteady stator/rotor flow interaction, and the fluid-induced vibration problem in the Space Shuttle Main Engine. His perturbation approach to the problem of tutbomachinery fluid-induced vibration was a significant breakthrough. He is the recipient of the General Dynamics Award of Excellence in Engineering teaching (1991), and the Amoco Foundation Award for Distinguished Teaching (1992).

**Description: **
A concise, illustrated core thermal science text with a focus on industrial applications. Essential for engineering students and those preparing for the FE/EIT exam, Thermal Science offers a one-semester course treatment of the three main topics in thermal science: thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer. In addition to theory, the book uses a numerical approach to heat transfer, solving large-scale, real-world engineering problems. This book first covers thermodynamics, how energy is transformed and the interactions between temperature, pressure, and volume, and applications such as the efficiency of engines and refrigerators. Fluid mechanics is the second core topic and examines fluids, forces, and fluid motion; with applications in aerospace, chemical, civil, environmental, and mechanical engineering. Heat transfer is discussed next, the applications of which include heat exchangers, heating, ventilating, air-conditioning (HVAC), car radiators, hot water heaters, steam boilers, cooling of microelectronics, and even ordinary cooking utensils.